Satellite Surveying
2015-2016 - GEO3071 - 10 ECTS


  • GEO1901 Land Surveying 1
  • GEO1201 Land Surveying 2
  • GEO2282 Land Surveying 3

On the basis of

  • GEO2151 Survey Adjustment Analysis

Expected learning outcomes

On completion of this course, students will be able to:
 - Interpret satellite almanacs
 - Compute position using both code and phase techniques
 - Compute vectors
 - Use GPS post-processing software
 - Adjust vector networks
 - Establish, operate and use RTK systems
 - Understand satellite measurement standards


- Structure and layout of the satellite message
 - Computing satellite position at epoch
 - Computing pseudorange.
 - Observing phase and computing of phase ambiguity
 - Computing position, use of precise ephemerides
 - Differencing (single, double and triple)
 - Reducing to vectors
 - Accuracy assessment
 - Vector network design, simulation and adjustement
 - Interpreting RINEX data
 - Reference station design and operation
 - Virtual reference systems
 - RTK observing systems
 - Structure and content of RTCM, RTCA and NMEA messages
 - Observing standards and their practical application

Teaching Methods

Group works
Project work

Form(s) of Assessment

Oral exam, individually

Form(s) of Assessment (additional text)

  • Oral Exam, individually
  • Evaluation of Project(s) (4)

Grading Scale

Alphabetical Scale, A(best) – F (fail)

External/internal examiner

- Two internal examiners.
 - External moderators regularly assist in reviewing content and evaluating arrangements for grading assessment

Re-sit examination

By agreement with the responsible lecturer

Coursework Requirements


Teaching Materials

- Van Sickle, J. (2001). GPS for Land Surveyors, Second Edition. Great Britain: Taylor & Francis Group. (ISBN: 1-57504-075-1
 - El-Rabbany, Ahmed. (2006) Introduction to GPS: The Global Positioning System (2nd ed.). Boston MA: Artech House Inc. (ISBN 978-1-59693-016-2).
 - Hofmann-Wellenhof, B., Lichtenegger, H. & Collins, J. (2001). GPS Theory and Practice. Wien/New York: Springer. (ISBN: 3-211-83534-2)
 - Leick, A. (2004). GPS Satellite Surveying. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc. (ISBN 0-471-05930-7)
 - Samama, Nel. (2008). Global Positioning Technologies and Performance. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc. (ISBN 978-0-471-79376-2).
 - Statens kartverk. Geodatastandarden (oppdateres jevnlig på nett). Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
 - Statens kartverk. Geodatastandarden, grunnlagsnett (oppdateres jevnlig på nett). Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
 - Statens Kartverk. (2001). Satelittbasert posisjonsbestemmelse. Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
 - Vegdirektoratet. (2000). Vegdirektoratets håndbøker, 017 Geometrisk utforming. Oslo: Vegdirektoratet.
 - Vegdirektoratet. (2000). Vegdirektoratets håndbøker, 018 Veibygging. Oslo: Vegdirektoratet.
 - Instrument and software manuals (regularly updated by WWW or in system help files)

Additional information

This subject is part of the following courses of study:
 - Bachelor of Engineering - Road/Rail Construction/Land Surveying (3rd year 2009-10 and onwards)