History of typography
2015-2016 - IMT2312 - 10 ECTS

Expected learning outcomes

The students shall acquire a basic knowledge and understanding of the history of typography, as well as being able to demonstrate a more in-depth knowledge of a limited number of topics within the subject area.


History of letterforms and typefaces
History of printing
History of typography
Modern graphic design
Twentieth century discourse on typography

Teaching Methods


Teaching Methods (additional text)

Writing of two essays with formative-iterative assessment.

Form(s) of Assessment

Written exam, 3 hours

Form(s) of Assessment (additional text)

Essay (counts 45%)
Written Exam, 3 hours (counts 55%)
Summative assessment of two essays after the end of the semester.

Grading Scale

Alphabetical Scale, A(best) – F (fail)

Re-sit examination

Re-sit August 2016 for the Written examination

Coursework Requirements


Teaching Materials

  • Carter, Sebastian. (2002). Twentieth century type designers . Second ed. London: Lund Humphries (a selection of chapters)
  • Den klassiske skrifttradisjonen i Roma (2004). Collection of articles: "The classical lettering tradition in Rome" (all in English).
  • Kinross, Robin (2004). Modern typography: an essay in critical history . Second ed. London: Hyphen Press
  • Meggs, Philip B. og Alston W. Purvis (2006). Meggs "History of graphic design". Fourth ed. New York: John Wiley
  • Additional material

Additional information

Emnet er i utgangspunktet kun tilgjengelig for Bachelor i mediedesign. Emnet er basert på forelesninger, seminarer og ekskursjoner, inkludert en guidet studietur til Roma, skriving av to essay (hvorav ett i forbindelse med studieturen til Roma). Avsluttende eksamen. Studieturen til Roma er ikke obligatorisk og den må i utgangspunktet finansieres av studentene selv.

Aktuelle tidsskrift i HiGs bibliotek:

  • Baseline, Codex, Ephemerist, Eye, Gutenberg Jahrbuch (plassert som bok, 686.2), Idea (plassert som bok, 741.6), Journal für Druckgeschichte (inngår 4 ganger per år i Deutscher Drucker), Journal of the Printing Historical Society, Printing History, Printing History News, Typography Papers

Aktuelle klassenummer i HiGs bibliotek:

  • 681.6, 686–, 701–, 741–, 745.61–

Aktuell støttelitteratur:

  • Anderson, Donald M. (1969). The art of written forms: The theory and practice of calligraphy. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
  • Aynsley, Jeremy (2000). Graphic design in Germany 1890–1945. Berkeley: University of California Press
  • Bierut, Michael, William Drenttel, Steven Heller and DK Holland. Looking closer 2: Critical writings on graphic design. New York: Allworth Press
  • [De Bondt, Sara and Catherine de Smet, eds] (2012). Graphic design: History in the writing: (1983–2011). [London]: Occasional Papers
  • Burke, Christopher (2007). Active literature: Jan Tschichold and New Typography. London: Hyphen Press
  • Carter, Harry (2002 [1969]). A view of early typography: Up to about 1600. London: Hyphen Press
  • Catich, Edward M. (1968). The origin of the serif: Brush writing & Roman letters. Davenport, Iowa: Catfish Press
  • Clouse, Doug and Angela Voulangas (2009). The handy book of artistic printing. New York: Princeton Architectural Press
  • Coldevin, Axel (1998). Epoker i Europas stilhistorie. Oslo: Aschehoug
  • Gombrich, E. H. (2003). Verdenskunsten. 4. norske utgave. Oslo: Aschehoug

  • Eng, Torbjørn.Typografi i Norge [www.typografi.org]
  • Gray, Nicolete (1976). Nineteenth century ornamented typefaces. Berkeley: University of California Press
  • Gray, Nicolete (1986). A history of lettering: Creative experiment and letter identity. Oxford: Phaidon
  • Hollis, Richard (2006). Swiss graphic design. London: Laurence King
  • Keppie, Lawrence (1991). Understanding Roman inscriptions. London: Batsford
  • Kinross, Robin (2002). Unjustified texts: Perspectives on typography. London: Hyphen Press
  • Mosley, James.Typefoundry [http://typefoundry.blogspot.com]
  • Norske bokomslag: Bokens ansikt i 100 år (2002). Oslo: Forlaget Press
  • Poynor, Rick (2003). No more rules: Graphic design and postmodernism. New Haven: Yale University Press
  • Rannem, Øyvin. Acta divrna [http://oyvinr.wordpress.com]
  • Shaw, Paul.Shaw [www.paulshawletterdesign.com]
  • Spencer, Herbert (1982 [1969]). Pioneers of modern typography. Second edition. London: Lund Humphries
  • Susini, Giancarlo (1973). The Roman stonecutter: An introduction to Latin epigraphy. Oxford: Basil Blackwell
  • Tracy, Walter (1986). Letters of credit: A view of type design.London: Gordon Fraser
  • Tschichold, Jan (1995 [1928]). The new typography: A handbook for modern designers.Berkeley: University of California Press
  • Twyman, Michael (1998). The British Library guide to printing: History and techniques.London: British Library
  • Twyman, Michael (1998). Printing 1770–1970.London: The British Library
  • Veiteberg, Jorunn (1998). Den norske plakaten. Oslo: Pax Forlag
  • Økland, Einar (1996). Norske bokomslag 1880–1980. Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget