Practical Land Surveying
2012-2013 - GEO2281 - 10 ECTS


GEO1181 Basic Land Surveying or GEO1191+GEO1201

Expected learning outcomes

The aim of this Practical Land Surveying course is to learn how to use instrument and computing skills to carry out realistic land surveying tasks. Course theory is concerned with the mathematics and geometry of the Figure of the Earth, of coordinate systems and mapping projections. Practical work covers the methods of employing instrumental systems in accordance with land surveying quality standards and practices. The course is project based, and demands that students work closely together to design, plan and carry out their projects and subsequently document and present their results.


Mathematics and geometry:
The lessons learned on the GEO1181 Basic Land Surveying course supplemented with the necessary mathematical and Earth geometry topics:
- Basic relevant differentiation (including partial differentiation)
- Basic relevant matrix algebra
- Coordinate transformation, including developing transformation parameters
- Introduction to survey adjustment by Least Squares
- Datums, coordinate systems (Earthg centred, geodetic, plane and local)
- Geometry of the Ellipsoid
- The Geoid
- Projections
- Systems used in Norway (with historical background):
-- EUREF89 – ED50 – NGO1948
-- NN1954
- Surveying methods:
Topics here focus on the use of instruments and measurement systems to produce the required data using methods which satisfy published quality standards:
- GNSS static vector measurements (excluding network measurements!)
-- Establishing and operating a local GNSS reference;
-- ”Stop’n’Go” vector measurements (excluding network measurements!)
-- RTK measurements
---- Using a local reference
---- Using CPOS
- Survey resection
- Levelling
- Trigonometric height measurement
- Tunnel surveying
- Industrial survey measurements
- Detail surveys
- Staking out surveys - roads, building sites, buildings
- Machine control - installation, measurement, operation
- Property surveys
Electronic aspects:
Techniques for visualisation are presented together with the latest developments in interdisciplinary electronic cooperation
- Digital data compatibility issues
- 3D visualisation using programs such as SketchUp
- Building measurement and digital documentaion using programs such as Revit

Teaching Methods

Laboratory work
Project work

Teaching Methods (additional text)

Lectures, directed private study, exercises and project tasks, working alone or in groups

Form(s) of Assessment

Oral exam, individually

Form(s) of Assessment (additional text)

- Submitted project tasks (7)

- Oral examination

Grading Scale

Alphabetical Scale, A(best) – F (fail)

External/internal examiner

- Project reports are evaluated by nominated lecturers

External moderators regularly assist in reviewing content and evaluating arrangements for grading assessment

Re-sit examination

Together with the next class, one year later

Coursework Requirements


Teaching Materials

- Karlsen, J. (2007). Geomatikkboka 1. BYGGDATA kompetanse (ISBN: 978-82-92-07023-9).
- Karlsen, J. (2007). Geomatikkboka 2. BYGGDATA kompetanse (ISBN: 978-82-92-07024-6).
- Borre, K. (1996). GPS i landmålingen. Aalborg. (ISBN: 87-984210-4-2).
- Dueholm, K. & Laurentzius, M. (2002). GPS. København: Ingenioren/bøgen. (ISBN: 87-571-2412-4).
- Hofmann-Wellenhof, B., Lichtenegger, H. & Collins, J. (2001). GPS Theory and Practice. Wien/New York: Springer. (ISBN: 3-211-83534-2).
- Iliffe, J. & Lott, R. (2008). Datums and Map Projections for remote Sensing, GIS and Surveying. Scotland, UK: Whittles Publishing. (ISBN: 978-1-904445-47-0).
- Van Sickle, J. (2001). GPS for Land Surveyors, Second Edition. Great Britain: Taylor & Francis Group. (ISBN: 1-57504-075-1
- El-Rabbany, Ahmed. (2006) Introduction to GPS: The Global Positioning System (2nd ed.). Boston MA: Artech House Inc. (ISBN 978-1-59693-016-2).
- Skogseth, T. (1998). Grunnleggende landmåling. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget (ISBN: 82-00-42453-7).
- Statens kartverk (2005). Geodatastandarden
- Statens kartverk (2001). Geodatastandarden, grunnlagsnett
- Statens kartverk (2005).Satellittbasert posisjonsbestemmelse
- Statens kartverk (1999). Stedfesting av eiendoms- og råderettsgrenser.
- Statens kartverk (2004). Koordinatbasert referansesystem
- Instrument and software manuals (regularly oppdated by WWW or in system help files).
- Specific compendia and lecture notes.

Replacement course for

See Additional Information below