Practical Land Surveying
20122013

GEO2281
 10 ECTS
Prerequisite(s)
GEO1181 Basic Land Surveying or GEO1191+GEO1201
Expected learning outcomes
The aim of this Practical Land Surveying course is to learn how to use instrument and computing skills to carry out realistic land surveying tasks. Course theory is concerned with the mathematics and geometry of the Figure of the Earth, of coordinate systems and mapping projections. Practical work covers the methods of employing instrumental systems in accordance with land surveying quality standards and practices. The course is project based, and demands that students work closely together to design, plan and carry out their projects and subsequently document and present their results.
Topic(s)
Mathematics and geometry:
The lessons learned on the GEO1181 Basic Land Surveying course supplemented with the necessary mathematical and Earth geometry topics:
 Basic relevant differentiation (including partial differentiation)
 Basic relevant matrix algebra
 Coordinate transformation, including developing transformation parameters
 Introduction to survey adjustment by Least Squares
 Datums, coordinate systems (Earthg centred, geodetic, plane and local)
 Geometry of the Ellipsoid
 The Geoid
 Projections
 Systems used in Norway (with historical background):
 EUREF89 – ED50 – NGO1948
 NN1954
 Surveying methods:
Topics here focus on the use of instruments and measurement systems to produce the required data using methods which satisfy published quality standards:
 GNSS static vector measurements (excluding network measurements!)
 Establishing and operating a local GNSS reference;
 ”Stop’n’Go” vector measurements (excluding network measurements!)
 RTK measurements
 Using a local reference
 Using CPOS
 Survey resection
 Levelling
 Trigonometric height measurement
 Tunnel surveying
 Industrial survey measurements
 Detail surveys
 Staking out surveys  roads, building sites, buildings
 Machine control  installation, measurement, operation
 Property surveys
Electronic aspects:
Techniques for visualisation are presented together with the latest developments in interdisciplinary electronic cooperation
 Digital data compatibility issues
 3D visualisation using programs such as SketchUp
 Building measurement and digital documentaion using programs such as Revit
Teaching Methods
Lectures
Laboratory work
Project work
Teaching Methods (additional text)
Lectures, directed private study, exercises and project tasks, working alone or in groups
Form(s) of Assessment
Oral exam, individually
Exercises
Form(s) of Assessment (additional text)
 Submitted project tasks (7)
 Oral examination
Grading Scale
Alphabetical Scale, A(best) – F (fail)
External/internal examiner
 Project reports are evaluated by nominated lecturers
External moderators regularly assist in reviewing content and evaluating arrangements for grading assessment
Resit examination
Together with the next class, one year later
Coursework Requirements
None
Teaching Materials
 Karlsen, J. (2007). Geomatikkboka 1. BYGGDATA kompetanse (ISBN: 9788292070239).
 Karlsen, J. (2007). Geomatikkboka 2. BYGGDATA kompetanse (ISBN: 9788292070246).
 Borre, K. (1996). GPS i landmålingen. Aalborg. (ISBN: 8798421042).
 Dueholm, K. & Laurentzius, M. (2002). GPS. København: Ingenioren/bøgen. (ISBN: 8757124124).
 HofmannWellenhof, B., Lichtenegger, H. & Collins, J. (2001). GPS Theory and Practice. Wien/New York: Springer. (ISBN: 3211835342).
 Iliffe, J. & Lott, R. (2008). Datums and Map Projections for remote Sensing, GIS and Surveying. Scotland, UK: Whittles Publishing. (ISBN: 9781904445470).
 Van Sickle, J. (2001). GPS for Land Surveyors, Second Edition. Great Britain: Taylor & Francis Group. (ISBN: 1575040751
 ElRabbany, Ahmed. (2006) Introduction to GPS: The Global Positioning System (2nd ed.). Boston MA: Artech House Inc. (ISBN 9781596930162).
 Skogseth, T. (1998). Grunnleggende landmåling. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget (ISBN: 8200424537).
 Statens kartverk (2005). Geodatastandarden
 Statens kartverk (2001). Geodatastandarden, grunnlagsnett
 Statens kartverk (2005).Satellittbasert posisjonsbestemmelse
 Statens kartverk (1999). Stedfesting av eiendoms og råderettsgrenser.
 Statens kartverk (2004). Koordinatbasert referansesystem
 Instrument and software manuals (regularly oppdated by WWW or in system help files).
 Specific compendia and lecture notes.
Replacement course for
See Additional Information below