Further Satellite Surveying
2011-2012 - GEO3071 - 10 ECTS


  • GEO1181 Basic Land Surveying
  • GEO2281 Practical Land Surveying

On the basis of

  • GEO2151 Survey Adjustment Analysis

Expected learning outcomes

On completion of this course, students will be able to:
- Interpret satellite almanacs
- Compute position using both code and phase techniques
- Compute vectors
- Use GPS post-processing software
- Adjust vector networks
- Establish, operate and use RTK systems
- Understand satellite measurement standards


- Structure and layout of the satellite message
- Computing satellite position at epoch
- Computing pseudorange.
- Observing phase and computing of phase ambiguity
- Computing position, use of precise ephemerides
- Differencing (single, double and triple)
- Reducing to vectors
- Accuracy assessment
- Vector network design, simulation and adjustement
- Interpreting RINEX data
- Reference station design and operation
- Virtual reference systems
- RTK observing systems
- Structure and content of RTCM, RTCA and NMEA messages
- Observing standards and their practical application

Teaching Methods

Group works
Project work

Form(s) of Assessment

Oral exam, individually

Form(s) of Assessment (additional text)

  • Oral Exam, individually
  • Evaluation of Project(s) (4)

Grading Scale

Alphabetical Scale, A(best) – F (fail)

External/internal examiner

- Two internal examiners.
- External moderators regularly assist in reviewing content and evaluating arrangements for grading assessment

Re-sit examination

By agreement with the responsible lecturer

Coursework Requirements


Teaching Materials

- Van Sickle, J. (2001). GPS for Land Surveyors, Second Edition. Great Britain: Taylor & Francis Group. (ISBN: 1-57504-075-1
- El-Rabbany, Ahmed. (2006) Introduction to GPS: The Global Positioning System (2nd ed.). Boston MA: Artech House Inc. (ISBN 978-1-59693-016-2).
- Hofmann-Wellenhof, B., Lichtenegger, H. & Collins, J. (2001). GPS Theory and Practice. Wien/New York: Springer. (ISBN: 3-211-83534-2)
- Leick, A. (2004). GPS Satellite Surveying. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc. (ISBN 0-471-05930-7)
- Samama, Nel. (2008). Global Positioning Technologies and Performance. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc. (ISBN 978-0-471-79376-2).
- Statens kartverk. Geodatastandarden (oppdateres jevnlig på nett). Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
- Statens kartverk. Geodatastandarden, grunnlagsnett (oppdateres jevnlig på nett). Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
- Statens Kartverk. (2001). Satelittbasert posisjonsbestemmelse. Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
- Vegdirektoratet. (2000). Vegdirektoratets håndbøker, 017 Geometrisk utforming. Oslo: Vegdirektoratet.
- Vegdirektoratet. (2000). Vegdirektoratets håndbøker, 018 Veibygging. Oslo: Vegdirektoratet.
- Instrument and software manuals (regularly updated by WWW or in system help files)

Additional information

This subject is part of the following courses of study:
- Bachelor of Engineering - Road/Rail Construction/Land Surveying (3rd year 2009-10 and onwards)