Coding and compression of media data
2011-2012 - IMT4451 - 10 ECTS


IMT4991 Mathematics for Signal and Image Processing

On the basis of

Builds on some of the lectures in IMT4811 Image Processing and Analysis.

Expected learning outcomes

This course is a graduate-level introductory course to the fundamentals of coding and compression of media data. It focuses on the fundamental principles of coding and compression and discusses several of the existing audio, image and video compression standards. Students will gain theoretical as well as hands-on experience in media data compression techniques via regular lectures, exercises and a project work.

After completing the course, the students shall have good insight into digital media data coding and compression techniques and related standards

They will also have indepth practical knowledge about the JPEG encoder through the project work.


  •  Motivation for media data compression
  •  Media data redundancy and compression
  •  Fundamental digital image representation and processing
  •  Sampling and quantization
  •  Entropy coding, run-length coding, variable-length coding
  •  Lossy and lossless compression techniques
  •  Transform-based coding
  •  Compression of audio, image, and video data
  •  File formats and standards
  •  JPEG, JPEG2000
  •  Motion estimation, motion compensation, motion compensated prediction
  •  H.261, H.263, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, and MPEG-7
  •  Image quality

Teaching Methods

Net Support Learning
Project work

Teaching Methods (additional text)

The course will be offered both as an ordinary on campus course and as a flexible course to off-campus students. Lecture notes in PDF, Audio recordings of the lectures and other types of e-learning material will be offered through an Fronter. Communication between the teacher and the students, and among the students, will be facilitated via the Fronter.

Form(s) of Assessment

Written exam, 4 hours
Evaluation of Project(s)

Form(s) of Assessment (additional text)

 Written Exam, 4 hours (counts 60%)
 Evaluation of Project (counts 40%)
 Each part must be individually approved of.

Grading Scale

Alphabetical Scale, A(best) – F (fail)

External/internal examiner

Internal examiner evaluates the written exam and the project reports.

Re-sit examination

Written exam: ordinary re-sit examination. There is no re-sit examination for projects.

Examination support

English dictionary

Coursework Requirements

Mandatory exercises reports. These will not be graded.

Teaching Materials

The main book used in this course is the "Fundamentals of Multimedia,” by Xe-Nian Li and Mark S. Drew, Pearson/PrenticeHall, 2004.

Additional material from the book authors: ( and guest lectures on specific topics.

Replacement course for

IMT4001 - Digital media representation