Practical Land Surveying
2008-2009 - GEO2241 - 15 ECTS


GEO1141 Land Surveying Instruments and Computations

On the basis of

  • GEO1151 GIS Intro I
  • GEO1091 Law, basic

Expected learning outcomes

The aim of this Practical Land Surveying course is to learn how to use instrument and computing skills to carry out realistic land surveying tasks. Course theory is concerned with the mathematics and geometry of the Figure of the Earth, of coordinate systems and mapping projections. Practical work covers the methods of employing instrumental systems in accordance with land surveying quality standards and practices. The course is project based, and demands that students work closely together to design, plan and carry out their projects and subsequently document and present their results.


Mathematics and geometry:
The lessons learned on the GEO1141 Land Surveying Instruments and Computations course supplemented with the necessary mathematical and Earth geometry topics:
- Basic relevant differentiation (including partial differentiation)
- Basic relevant matrix algebra
- Coordinate transformation, including developing transformation parameters
- Introduction to survey adjustment by Least Squares
- Datums, coordinate systems (Earthg centred, geodetic, plane and local)
- Geometry of the Ellipsoid
- The Geoid
- Projections
- Systems used in Norway (with historical background):
-- EUREF89 – ED50 – NGO1948
-- NN1954
- Surveying methods:
Topics here focus on the use of instruments and measurement systems to produce the required data using methods which satisfy published quality standards:
- GNSS static vector measurements (excluding network measurements!)
-- Establishing and operating a local GNSS reference;
-- ”Stop’n’Go” vector measurements (excluding network measurements!)
-- RTK measurements
---- Using a local reference
---- Using CPOS
- Survey resection
- Levelling
- Trigonometric height measurement
- Tunnel surveying
- Industrial survey measurements
- Detail surveys
- Staking out surveys - roads, building sites, buildings
- Machine control - installation, measurement, operation
- Property surveys
Electronic aspects:
Techniques for visualisation are presented together with the latest developments in interdisciplinary electronic cooperation
- Digital data compatibility issues
- 3D visualisation using programs such as SketchUp
- Building measurement and digital documentaion using programs such as Revit

Teaching Methods


Teaching Methods (additional text)

Lectures, directed private study, exercises and project tasks, working alone or in groups

Form(s) of Assessment


Form(s) of Assessment (additional text)

- Submitted project tasks (7)

- Oral examination

Grading Scale

Alphabetical Scale, A(best) – F (fail)

External/internal examiner

- Project reports are evaluated by nominated lecturers

External moderators regularly assist in reviewing content and evaluating arrangements for grading assessment

Re-sit examination

Together with the next class, one year later

Coursework Requirements


Teaching Materials

- Karlsen, J. (2007). Geomatikkboka 1. BYGGDATA kompetanse (ISBN: 978-82-92-07023-9).
- Karlsen, J. (2007). Geomatikkboka 2. BYGGDATA kompetanse (ISBN: 978-82-92-07024-6).
- Borre, K. (1996). GPS i landmålingen. Aalborg. (ISBN: 87-984210-4-2).
- Dueholm, K. & Laurentzius, M. (2002). GPS. København: Ingenioren/bøgen. (ISBN: 87-571-2412-4).
- Hofmann-Wellenhof, B., Lichtenegger, H. & Collins, J. (2001). GPS Theory and Practice. Wien/New York: Springer. (ISBN: 3-211-83534-2).
- Skogseth, T. (1998). Grunnleggende landmåling. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget (ISBN: 82-00-42453-7).
- Statens kartverk. Geodatastandarden (oppdateres jevnlig på nett). Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
- Statens kartverk. Geodatastandarden, grunnlagsnett (oppdateres jevnlig på nett). Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
- Statens Kartverk. (2001). Satellittbasert posisjonsbestemmelse. Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
- Vegdirektoratet. (2000). Vegdirektoratets håndbøker, 017 Geometrisk utforming. Oslo: Vegdirektoratet.
- Vegdirektoratet. (2000). Vegdirektoratets håndbøker, 018 Veibygging. Oslo: Vegdirektoratet.
- Instrument og programvare manualer (oppdateres jevnlig på nett eller som innebygde systemhjelpfiler)

Replacement course for

See Additional Information below

Additional information

Subject is obligatory in the following courses of study:
- Bachelor of Engineering - Road/Rail construction/Land surveying (2nd year 2008-9 and onwards)
- Bachelor of Geomatics (1st year)
- One-year Course in Land Surveying
- GEO3042 Setting Out I (partly
Overlaps with:
- GEO1091 – Law basic
- GEO2121 – Terrain Modelling
Fieldwork is mostly in the period after Easter in the Trevatn area. Deadlines for submitting fieldwork reports, together with the date for oral examination will be at the end of June.