Land Surveying Instruments and Computations
2008-2009 - GEO1141 - 20 ECTS

Expected learning outcomes

The aim of this Land Surveying Instruments and Computations course is to enable students to demonstrate that they have acquired the necessary instrumental skills and the theoretical tools to be able to carry out basic land surveying processes with simple quality controls.


- Focus is on physical instrumental mechanisms, and quality controls/calibrations:
-- Total Stations
-- Levels
-- Electronic notebooks
-- GNSS – with and without electronic notebook
- Instrument checking, calibration and documentation
- Observing standards
Measurment techniques
- Levelling
- Polar measurement
- Polar setting out
- Simple satellite surveying by RTK
- Setting out for building construction
- Setting out for roadworks
- Setting out for tunnelling
- Simple manual computation of coordinates and heights
-- Directions and angles
-- Levelling computations
-- Reduction of measurements to the plane surface
- Survey computation programs’ introduction and elementary use:
-- Leica Geo-Office
- Road alignment computations
- Documentation
- Computing standards
- Theories and practices necessary to be able to follow the topics introduced under Instruments, Techniques and Computations
-- Types of error, their recognition, and prevention possibilities
-- The mean (average)
-- Standard deviation
-- Normal distribution
-- Combining the estimated errors of independent observations
-- Weighting
-- Correlation
-- Application of Taylor’s Theorem av Taylorrekka
-- Brief introduction to simple survey adjustment
Additional topics:
- Interpretation of technical drawings
Movement of digital data between PCs and electronic notebooks

Standards, FKB, SOSI, Geovekst, NorgeDigitalt

Teaching Methods


Teaching Methods (additional text)

Lectures, directed private study, exercises and project tasks, working alone or in groups

Form(s) of Assessment


Form(s) of Assessment (additional text)

- Submitted project tasks (12)
- Oral examination

Grading Scale

Alphabetical Scale, A(best) – F (fail)

External/internal examiner

- Project reports are evaluated by nominated lecturers

External moderators regularly assist in reviewing content and evaluating arrangements for grading assessment

Re-sit examination

Together with the next class, one year later

Coursework Requirements


Teaching Materials

- Karlsen, J. (2007). Geomatikkboka 1. BYGGDATA kompetanse (ISBN: 978-82-92-07023-9)
- Karlsen, J. (2007). Geomatikkboka 2. BYGGDATA kompetanse (ISBN: 978-82-92-07024-6)

- Borre, K. (1996). GPS i landmålingen. Aalborg. (ISBN: 87-984210-4-2).

- Dueholm, K. & Laurentzius, M. (2002). GPS. København: Ingenioren/bøgen. (ISBN: 87-571-2412-4).
- Skogseth, T. (1998). Grunnleggende landmåling. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget (ISBN: 82-00-42453-7).
- Statens kartverk. Geodatastandarden (oppdateres jevnlig på nett)
- Statens kartverk. Geodatastandarden, grunnlagsnett (oppdateres jevnlig på nett)
- Statens Kartverk. (2001). Satellittbasert posisjonsbestemmelse. Hønefoss: Statens kartverk.
- Vegdirektoratet. (2000). Vegdirektoratets håndbøker, 017 Geometrisk utforming.
- Vegdirektoratet. (2000). Vegdirektoratets håndbøker, 018 Veibygging.
- Instrument and program manuals (regularly updated on WWW or built in to system help files)

Replacement course for

See under Additional Information

Additional information

This subject is obligatory for the following study courses:
- Bachelor of Engineering - Road/Rail construction/Land surveying
- Bachelor of Geomatics
- One-year Course in Land Surveying